PCOS is caused by hormonal imbalances that prevent ovulation. Normally, the body produces hormones that signal your ovary to mature an egg for fertilization by a sperm. If you have PCOS, your body produces too much of some hormones and not enough of others. Rather than a single ovarian follicle developing and releasing a mature egg each cycle, multiple ovarian cysts form but do not release any eggs.
Symptoms of PCOS can begin shortly after the onset of puberty, but may also develop during the later teen years and early adulthood. The symptoms of PCOS may go undiagnosed for some time. Many women don’t realize they have PCOS until they see a doctor due to difficulty getting pregnant.
Some common symptoms of PCOS include:
PCOS is the leading cause of female infertility, but each woman with PCOS is unique. While some women are still able to conceive naturally, others may need the assistance of fertility treatments.
There is no single way to diagnose PCOS, but Dr. Abaé may use the following tests along with your symptoms and medical history to make the diagnosis.
While polycystic ovarian syndrome cannot be cured, its effects can be minimized with long-term treatment. Obesity can have a great effect on PCOS. Nutritional changes and weight loss can often correct the body’s hormone levels and help restore the natural functioning of the ovaries.
Your fertility specialist may also recommend treatment with medications, namely Metformin, Clomid, or gonadotropins. If you don’t respond to these treatments, Dr. Abaé may recommend in vitro fertilization to achieve pregnancy.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!