The medical term used for uterine fibroids is myomas. Thus, the surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids is called a myomectomy, literally the “cutting out of” myomas. These benign tumors develop in the muscles of the uterine wall, and if they grow large enough, can push into the uterus, causing pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and frequent urination. Because uterine fibroids can complicate or even prevent pregnancy, fertility treatment may require their removal.
Methods for myomectomy include:
Surgical techniques used for removing uterine fibroids depend on the location, size, and number of fibroids present. A hysteroscopy, for example, is only useful for fibroids that are on the inner wall of the uterus and have not yet grown deep into the uterine wall.
The laparoscopic technique is typically recommended when you only have one or two fibroids on the outer uterine wall that are no more than two inches in size. Laparotomy is used when you have multiple, large fibroids that require more extensive surgery than is possible with laparoscopy.
The cameras used in hysteroscopy and laparoscopy can be used as diagnostic tools, as well as operative tools, to identify the size, shape, and number of fibroids present, and help Dr. Abaé determine which surgical procedure best suits your condition.
The recovery time is directly related to which procedure Dr. Abaé used. A hysteroscopy can take a few days to two weeks for full recovery, depending on the number and size of the fibroids removed. An operative laparoscopy can require one to two weeks to fully heal while a laparotomy may take four to six weeks.
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