Approximately 30% of infertility cases are due to female factor infertility. However, because the female reproductive system is more complex and less accessible than that of the male, diagnosis and treatment in women can be more difficult.
While age is still the most important factor when dealing with female infertility, reproductive conditions can also be a factor. These conditions can affect the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs, which can interfere with ovulation, fertilization, or implantation.
Causes of female factor infertility include:
Some women are diagnosed with a reproductive condition in their teens or early twenties. Others are unaware of the problem until they try to become pregnant. During a female infertility assessment, the physicians Fertility & Genetics review your medical history and may give you a physical exam. Then, Dr. Abaé may perform one or more ovulation tests to see if you are producing an egg and if that egg can travel to your womb.
Ovulation occurs when your ovary releases an egg (oocyte) from a follicle (fluid-filled cyst) in the ovary. After that, the egg is picked up by the fimbria (fingers of the fallopian tubes), then travel through the tube to your uterus (womb). When you ovulate, your body goes through changes which Dr. Abaé can evaluate. Ovulation testing includes:
Dr. Abaé may use other evaluations to identify fertility issues, such as uterine fibroids or problems with the fallopian tubes. These techniques include:
The treatments are as varied as the issues causing infertility. For instance, a blockage of the fallopian tubes may respond to surgical correction. Hormone imbalances sometimes correct with medication combined with a healthy diet and increased activity. Endometriosis may be treated with surgery, medication, or both.
Ovulation disorders, depending on what’s causing the issue, may respond to fertility drugs. Uterine fibroids and polyps interfering with uterine functionality may respond well to surgery. In vitro fertilization is often an effective solution for women with fallopian scarring, age-related infertility, endometriosis, and other fertility issues.
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